Conventional medicine plays an important role in treating all kinds of disease and most of the time is the first treatment for a couple who for what ever reason can not conceive after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse or can not carry the pregnancy to full term. With the advance of medical technology, conventional medicine has proven record in treating infertility but with some side effects. In this article, we will discuss definition, types and side effects of conventional medication in treating hormone imbalance.
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Conventional medication used to treat hormone imbalance containing agents which help to stimulate the ovaries in mature egg production, thereby increasing the chance of pregnancy for infertile couple. The medication is only given to women who are diagnosed with ovulation dysfunction.
II. Types of medication
1. Progesterone supplement
Types of medication specially used for women with luteal phrase deficiency (lasts under 10 days and it is considered a luteal phase deficiency) It helps to increase the levels of progesterone, thereby, preventing the abnormal developing of uterine lining and interfering with fertilized egg implantation.
2. Ovulation introduction agent
A medication is used for women with highly irregular ovulation cycle including not ovulation at all. It is used in the day 5 to 9 of the cycle effective for younger women with successful rate over 90% but only about 35% actually conceive.
3. Follicle-stimulating hormone ( FSH)
This types of medication are prescribed for women with ovation disorder to stimulate follicle and egg production. It is recommended that using these drugs including Gonal-f, Follistism, Fertinex and Metrodin, should be closely monitored by your doctor in order to prevent hyperstimulation of ovaries. They are used widely for intrauterine insemination.
4. Human menopause gonadotrophins (HMG)
Medication such as Menopur, Pergonal, Humegeon. etc. help women who do not ovulate regularly to stimulate the ovaries to produce more than one egg by working directly on ovaries to stimulate follicle development.
5. Humam chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
HCG is a type of medication made directly from placeneta of pregnant women. It is synthesis chemically similar to LH, leading to increase or surge of LH hormone and triggering ovulation resulting in increasing the egg production and supporting uterine lining in fertilized egg implantation. Medication include Novarel, and Profasi.
6. Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
It helps to regulate the pituitary gland in production of , FSH and LH hormone, thereby decreasing the risk of ovulation in the wrong time. In other word, It stimulates the pituitary gland to produce FSH and LH for women who do not ovulate at all. Medication include Fertrel and Lutrepulse.
The medication ( Leuprolide and Synarel ) is used to blocks the egg production by the ovaries by regulating the hormone secretion until the egg to reach certain size, thereby increasing the quality of egg and preventing the release of premature egg for some women.
By regulating the production of FSH and LH from pituitary gland, it decreases the surge of LH that triggers ovation at the wrong time. It is used when a women undergoes fertility procedure for artificial insemination, so her doctor can better predict the timing of ovation for egg retrieval.
7. Prolaction medicine
For men and women who suffer infertility because of over production of prolactin hormone resulting in interfering the production of FSH and LH, leading to abnormal ovulation in women and low quality sperm in men.
III. Side effects
The common side effects of above medication include
2. Hot flashes
3. irregular menstruation
2. Ovarian hyper stimulation
3. Nervous disorder
4. Ectopic pregnancy
5. Ovarian twisting and cancer
6. Cyst development
Almost 100% of women who take these types of medication will ovulate, but not all women will get pregnant. If a couple can not conceive after the infertile female taking the treatment in their first 6 treatment than the chance of pregnancy is reduced by 50%.
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